It is vital to recognize that the lifestyles tactics of human cells are basically one of a kind from the lifestyles techniques of bacterial cells. Antibiotics, in assessment to hydrogen peroxide and ethyl alcohol have a selective effect on existence techniques of bacteria, suppressing them, and do no longer affect the strategies happening inside the cells of the human frame. consequently, presently recognised antibiotics are classified based totally on their mechanism of action and chemical shape. some antibiotics inhibit the synthesis of outer shell (membrane) of the bacterial cellular – shape, is absolutely absent in human cells. most critical amongst these tablets are antibiotics of penicillin group, cephalosporins and a few other preparations. other antibiotics inhibit exclusive tiers of protein synthesis bacterial cells are tablets belonging to the group of tetracyclines, macrolides, aminoglycosides. The antibiotics differ considerably in their basic property – antibacterial activity. in the instructions for every antibacterial drug is a list of bacteria that the drug has a spectrum of its activity; some antibiotics paintings on many sorts of micro organism, others only for certain types of microbes. Sorry, nonetheless not detected antibiotics, which would have inhibited the hobby simultaneously micro organism and viruses, as the variations within the structure and peculiarities of metabolism of these microorganisms are fundamental. capsules which could act on viruses, notwithstanding enormous advances of recent years, continues to be absolutely insufficient, and their performance is rather low.
How is the resistance of microorganisms to antibiotics
All dwelling things, such as micro organism, quick adapt to damaging environmental situations. The development of resistance to antibiotics is one of the most hanging examples of this kind of tool. it can be argued that subsequently, any type of micro organism can increase resistance to any antimicrobial drug. improvement of resistance occurs quicker, at large scale is used the substance. as the bacteria increase resistance to antibiotics, mankind has been forced to invent new tablets. therefore, we can assume that if today we had been to prescribe antibiotics to all children, grandchildren day after today we should deal with is honestly not anything. within the course of this race in society there are conflicts of interest. Society, in general, is interested in lowering the fee of antibiotic therapy and keeping the balance between cost and effectiveness of remedy. To achieve this aim it's miles necessary to restriction the use of antibiotics strict situations to keep away from immoderate charges for improvement and manufacturing of new tablets. manufacturers of the equal antibiotics on the contrary are interested by increasing income (due to the growth of symptoms), so that it will inevitably lead to more rapid unfold of resistance of microorganisms to pills and, as a consequence, the need to broaden new capsules. unluckily, the big and out of control use of antibiotics has caused significant resistance of microorganisms to them. moreover, in Russia the uncontrolled use of antibiotics combined with the shortage of finances for health care. these days in our us of a maximum of the causative agents of most not unusual infections resistant to tablets of the tetracycline organization. So the selection of drug for the treatment the physician wishes to realize no longer best what form of pathogen brought about the infection, however to what this pathogen is drug touchy. it might appear that this trouble is without problems solved in laboratory research. however, unfortunately, inside the software of present day methods of research the answer may be received only after 2 – three days. for this reason, in actual existence, antibiotics are prescribed empirically, i.e. on the basis of to be had sensible enjoy. but even the most amazing doctor can not independently gather experience inside the utility of all feasible antibiotics and is secure to say that the drug A higher than drug B. further, you should recollect how a good deal widely in concrete geographical region amongst bacteria is vast resistance to a selected drug. health practitioner will unavoidably should depend on the consequences of unique researches, their essential analysis of global and national revel in, as well as on pointers for standards of care advanced by means of professionals.
Having said that, it's far obvious that antibiotics should be used simplest for infections resulting from bacteria. health facility with severe and lifestyles-threatening infectious diseases (e.g., meningitis – inflammation of the meninges, pneumonia – irritation of lungs, and many others.) the duty for the correctness of the choice lies absolutely with the health practitioner, which is primarily based on information tracking of the patient and on consequences of special research. In slight infections going on within the outpatient putting, the state of affairs is essentially distinct. The doctor examines the child and prescribes a medication, sometimes accompanied via factors and answers to questions, on occasion now not. frequently a doctor is asked to prescribe an antibiotic. In such situations, the doctor is once in a while psychologically simpler to write down a prescription, and not to compromise their reputation and waste time explaining inexpediency of such appointment. So never ask the health practitioner to prescribe your infant antibiotics, specifically after the departure of the doctor is generally happens domestic recommendation, calls to household and friends and only then decide to provide the child antibiotics or not.